this man là ai

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The original "This Man" drawing, as published by Andrea Natella in 2008

This Man is a person who has allegedly appeared in thousands of people's dreams since 2006, but has never been identified in the real world. He was the main focus of a trang web called Ever Dream This Man?, created by Italian sociologist and marketer Andrea Natella in 2008. The trang web claimed that the first person who reported dreaming about This Man was a patient of a psychiatrist in Thủ đô New York City in 2006, and that four other patients of the same had also recognized the same face. The trang web also claimed that more than thở 3,000 people had contacted the site to tướng share their stories and drawings of This Man. The trang web offered various possible explanations for the phenomenon, ranging from the mundane to tướng the supernatural. None of these theories were supported by any evidence or investigation.

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The trang web gained attention from the press and online users in October 2009 and became a viral sensation. This Man's notoriety spawned several mạng internet memes that spoofed flyers of the trang web, references in films and television shows lượt thích The X-Files, and a manga series by Weekly Shonen Magazine. It was later exposed that This Man was a hoax, and was actually a guerrilla marketing chiến dịch by Natella's advertising agency. Natella admitted that he had fabricated the whole story and that he had based the original sketch of This Man on a photo of his father when he was young. Natella said that he was inspired by the concept of dream invasion, which he had encountered in some movies and books, and that he wanted to tướng explore the power of the mạng internet to tướng create and spread urban legends and collective myths.


Reported evidence of This Man appearing in dreams allegedly goes back to tướng the 1980s.[1] According to tướng the Ever Dream This Man? trang web, the first image of This Man was sketched in January 2006 by a "well-known psychiatrist in Thủ đô New York," based on the descriptions of a patient who claims he was a recurring subject in dreams, despite never knowing a man lượt thích him in real life. Several days later, another of the psychiatrist's patients recognized the drawing and said he was a figure in his dreams as well; the psychiatrist sent the image to tướng fellow professionals, and collected the testimony of four more people who claimed to tướng recognize the man.[2] Since then, more than thở 8,000 people from cities across the world such as Los Angeles, Berlin, São Paulo, Tehran, Beijing, Rome, Barcelona, Stockholm, Paris, New Delhi, and Moscow, claimed to tướng have seen the man while sleeping.[2]

Anonymous stories from alleged witnesses vary in his behavior and actions in their dreams, whose nội dung ranges from romantic or sexual fantasies, to tướng attacking and killing the dreamer, to tướng giving cryptic life advice. His relationship with the dreamer varied between accounts; in one, he was the dreamer's father, while in another, he was a schoolteacher from Brazil with six fingers on his right hand.[3] His voice was also unidentifiable due to tướng the fact that he rarely spoke, as well as the difficulty in remembering sounds in dreams versus images.[1] There were some recurring themes in his messages, such as telling dreamers to tướng "go North."[1][3]

In a năm ngoái interview with Vice, site creator Andrea Natella explained that he first dreamt of This Man in the winter of 2008, wherein the man "invited [him] to tướng create a trang web to tướng find an answer to tướng his own appearance."[1] Following This Man's instructions, Natella created the trang web, including an identikit image of This Man created using the mobile ứng dụng Ultimate Flash Face.[1]

An actual living human that looked lượt thích This Man was never identified. Natella has received thousands letters and emails from people about who they think This Man resembles, ranging from fictional characters lượt thích The Man from Another Place (from Twin Peaks) and the dummy (from The Twilight Zone), to tướng real public figures such as Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, Andrew Lloyd Webber, and Stephen Hawking.[1] Some people claimed they themselves were This Man, including an Indian guru named Arud Kannan Ayya, who cited it as proof of his miraculous powers.[1] posited five theories as to tướng This Man's origins:[3]

  • The Archetype Theory: This Man is an example of Carl Jung's concept of the unconscious "archetypal image" people see during very difficult life situations.
  • The Religious Theory: This Man is a manifestation of God.
  • The Dream Surfer Theory: An outside force implants This Man in people's dreams, whether from someone's supernatural projection, or mental conditioning by a corporation.
  • The Dream Imitation Theory: People only dream of This Man after having already learned about the phenomenon and the image has left an impression on their minds.
  • The Daytime Recognition Theory: People poorly remember faces from their dreams, and they only assume it represents This Man after seeing the image.


The story of This Man started gaining attention from mạng internet users and the press in 2009.[4][5] It was not until October of that year that views of the site skyrocketed.[6] In a short period of time, it garnered more than thở two million visits and 10,000-plus emails from people sharing experiences with This Man and sending photos of those who looked lượt thích him.[7] On October 12, 2009, comedian Tim Heidecker made a Twitter post about This Man, tweeting that it was "scaring the shit outta má."[8] While Natella's previous marketing stunts only garnered local attention, This Man was the first time his work got international recognition.[9]

Filmmaker Bryan Bertino, director and writer of The Strangers, was allegedly inspired by the viral story and used it as the basis for a film, also titled This Man, to tướng be produced by Sam Raimi's Ghost House Pictures.[9][10][11] A press release from Ghost House said the film would be about "an ordinary guy who discovers that people he has never met are seeing him in their dreams. Now he must find out why he is the source of nightmares for strangers all over the world."[9] Ghost House Pictures bought the tên miền in May 2010.[12] No further announcement has since been made about the film.


Upon This Man's initial widespread exposure, there was suspicion from users on forums such as 4chan, as well as blogs lượt thích ASSME and io9, that it was a guerrilla marketing stunt.[5][13] A reverse-IP lookup of revealed that its hosting company owned another tên miền named,[9] "a nhái advertising agency" founded by Natella that "designed subversive hoaxes and created weird art projects exploring pornography, politics, and advertising."[14] Some sources still presented the debate between those claiming it was a hoax and those claiming it was a real phenomenon as unresolved and ongoing.[4]

In 2010, Natella made a post on the trang web of KOOK Artgency, an art agent company he founded,[14] where he confirmed that he invented the story of This Man as a publicity stunt.[7] He elaborated on the topic further in a 2012 paper titled "Viral 'K' Marketing."[15] Although Natella never confirmed whether the project had a commercial purpose, sources lượt thích The Kernel said it was "almost certain" that the site was specifically created as a guerrilla marketing chiến dịch for Bertino and Ghost House's film.[9]

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Even after Natella's confirmation of the hoax, serious coverage of This Man continued into the mid-2010s. In năm ngoái, Vice Media contacted the site for an interview, and Natella answered questions as if the site was not a hoax.[1] On the same day Vice published its interview with Natella, it published a retraction clarifying that This Man was not real and admitting they had initially fallen for the hoax: "we lập cập a story, it turns out to tướng be something that was denounced in 2009 and could be easily verified as nhái with a single google, a few people Hotline us dickheads and the editorial team drown in their own tears. Sometimes we mess up."[16]


io9 writer Annalee Newitz called This Man "Natella's greatest masterwork", reasoning that it was only "uncanny", "cheesy and a little bit scary" instead of having "artsy pseudo-intellectual 'politics' lượt thích a lot of his other art does."[13] Vice explained that while This Man does not exist, he "properly looks lượt thích the kind of dude you might see in a dream", where "he pats you on the back and you feel warm and nostalgic. You wake up with an erection you can't explain."[16] A năm trước article from the fringe science trang web Mysterious Universe claims that people experiencing the same type of dreams is possible; it cites not only Jung's archetypal theory, but also Ervin László's pseudoscientific theory of the Akashic Field: "should it prove true that our thoughts bởi not reside within our own heads, but rather exist in the ether, then couldn't some of us be accessing the same information in our subconscious during dreams?"[17] Vice described the purpose of the hoax as "priming people to tướng dream what they've never dreamed before," similar to tướng "Inception but with memes."[16]

In other media[edit]

Several online parodies of flyers for This Man replaced the identikit with photos of people lượt thích Barack Obama (left) and Daniel Tosh (right).

Upon This Man's initial surge in popularity, mạng internet users posted several mạng internet memes spoofing the site's "Ever dream this man?" flyer, replacing This Man's face with headshots of public figures lượt thích Robbie Rotten, Karl Marx, and Barack Obama.[17][18] Comedy Central also produced their own parody of the flyer that used Daniel Tosh's face.[19]

This Man's identikit makes brief appearances in the beginning of the 2017 South Korean film Lucid Dream[20] and The X-Files episode "Plus One", where it is on the upper right part of a photo of The Lone Gunmen seen previously in the show without it.[21]

The MMORPG Rift has a phối of collectibles inspired by This Man called "Twisted: The Dream Traveler" in its Nightmare Tide expansion.

In 2018, Weekly Shōnen Magazine began running a manga based on This Man and named after the hoax.[22] Illustrated by Kouji Megumi of Bloody Monday fame and written by Karin Sora, it follows a police officer named Hakaru Amano and his case that involves the urban legend of This Man.[22] The first volume ran from April 25, 2018, to tướng April 3, 2019.[23]

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The 2019 đoạn phim game AI: The Somnium Files included cameo appearances of This Man in two of its puzzle segments. Players are awarded a trophy should they see him on both of these occasions.[24]

The design of the ventriloquist dummy in the 2021 chapter Freddy of the TV anthology series Stories to tướng Stay Awake is inspired in This Man.[25]

This Man appears in the music đoạn phim of Good Nightmare by Akatsuki Records, a tuy nhiên about a mock TV advertisement for a shady brand of pillows.[26]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Butler, Blake (January 15, 2015). "The Face Everyone Dreams About". Vice. Archived from the original on August 24, 2019. Retrieved April 29, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "History". Ever Dream This Man?. Archived from the original on July 28, 2019. Retrieved April 29, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c "Dreams". Ever Dream This Man?. Archived from the original on August 10, 2019. Retrieved April 29, 2019.
  4. ^ a b Albert, Attila (December 1, 2009). "Mystery of the dream man". Bild. Archived from the original on May 4, 2019. Retrieved April 29, 2019.
  5. ^ a b Van Hoven, Matt (October 13, 2009). "Who is This Man?". Adweek. Archived from the original on May 4, 2019. Retrieved April 29, 2019.
  6. ^ "Mystery "dream" man becomes mạng internet hit!". Sify. October 28, 2009. Archived from the original on October 31, 2009. Retrieved May 3, 2019.
  7. ^ a b "This Man". KOOK Artgency (in Italian). 2010. Archived from the original on January 21, 2012. Retrieved May 3, 2019.
  8. ^ @timheidecker (October 12, 2009). "Scaring the shit outta má RT @JaneGomez: Can someone tell má what this is?? It scares me:" (Tweet). Retrieved May 3, 2019 – via Twitter.
  9. ^ a b c d e Cook, James (October 17, 2013). "When déjà vu is just a marketing stunt online". The Kernel. Archived from the original on May 4, 2019. Retrieved May 3, 2019.
  10. ^ ""This Man" Dream Viral To Become Feature Film". 2010-05-06. Archived from the original on May 4, 2019. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
  11. ^ "Bryan Bertino to tướng Write and Direct THIS MAN for Sam Raimi's Ghost House Pictures". 2010-05-05. Archived from the original on 2019-05-04. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
  12. ^ "The Strangers Director Turns to tướng This Man..." Dread Central. Archived from the original on October 19, 2012. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
  13. ^ a b Newitz, Annalee (October 25, 2009). "Why Are Thousands of People Dreaming About This Man?". io9. Archived from the original on November 3, 2019. Retrieved April 29, 2019.
  14. ^ a b "Who". Andrew Natella. Archived from the original on August 9, 2019. Retrieved May 3, 2019.
  15. ^ Natella, Andrea (2012). "Viral 'K' Marketing" (PDF). KOOK Artgency. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-05-04. Retrieved 2023-05-04.
  16. ^ a b c "Ugh, We Just Got Hoaxed: The Real Story About the 'This Man' Dream Face". Vice. January 15, năm ngoái. Archived from the original on February 8, 2020. Retrieved May 1, 2019.
  17. ^ a b "Have You Ever Dreamed of This Man? Probably Not". Mysterious Universe. January đôi mươi, năm trước. Archived from the original on May 4, 2019. Retrieved May 2, 2019.
  18. ^ "Meme flyers". Ever Dreamed This Man. Archived from the original on July 28, 2019. Retrieved May 3, 2019.
  19. ^ Lesinski, Chris (October 15, 2009). "Do You Dream About This Face?". Comedy Central. Archived from the original on October 21, 2009. Retrieved May 3, 2019.
  20. ^ "This Man pop up on Netflix". Ever Dream This Man?. Archived from the original on August 19, 2019. Retrieved May 3, 2019.
  21. ^ Adams, Erik (January 10, 2018). "Ever dream this man? He could be the key to tướng decrypting this season of The X-Files". The A.V. Club. Archived from the original on November 12, 2019. Retrieved April 29, 2019.
  22. ^ a b Dennison, Kara (August 18, 2018). "Bloody Monday Artist Publishes Manga Based on "Urban Legend"". Crunchyroll. Archived from the original on May 4, 2019. Retrieved April 29, 2019.
  23. ^ "This Man その顔を見た者には死を". Weekly Shōnen Magazine (in Japanese). Archived from the original on June 17, 2019. Retrieved April 29, 2019.
  24. ^ "THE DREAM WANDERER". PSN Profiles. Archived from the original on December 8, 2019. Retrieved October 6, 2019.
  25. ^ Coloquio: Historias para no dormir [Talk: Stories To Stay Awake] (Video) (Television production). Versión española (in European Spanish). TVE. 2022-11-07. 19 minutes in. Retrieved 2023-05-07. [Paco Plaza:...]el diseño parte de un hombre, hoặc una especie de retrato robot en Internet,[...] que explica una persona con cái la que suena mucha gente, [The image shows This Man]
  26. ^

External links[edit]

  • Official website
  • "This Man (Ever Dream This Man?)" at Know Your Meme
  •, a site that was hosted by the same company that hosted